*An interpretation of the second law of thermodynamics.*

The second law of thermodynamics knows many definitions and descriptions. The law can be understood as:

*“In any closed system, all macroscopic phenomena are temporary, as its micro constituents flow from high concentrations to low concentrations, until the system reaches a state of equilibrium, after which all observable macroscopic phenomena are gone. The level of even distribution is defined by a measure called the **entropy**. The entropy of a closed system tends to increase (or not decrease) until it reaches a maximum value, the value at equilibrium.”*

Loosely speaking, things tend to…

Understanding the emergence of life as the emergence of computing machines.

Alan Turing showed us that you can build a universal computing machine using relatively simple parts. Turing’s design, the (Universal) Turing Machine, is not the only design that can compute all what is computable, as there exist many designs for machines and languages that are Turing-complete, such as Church’s lambda calculus. That was of course exactly the point that Turing and Church were making. From a computational view, the choice of a machine or language does not really matter, because any Turing-complete machine or language describes and spans the…

dS / dt >= 0 @TimSamshuijzen. Contact: timsamshuijzen at gmail.com